British finance minister Rishi Sunak promised on Wednesday to do “whatever it takes” to steer the economy through what he hopes will be the final months of COVID restrictions.

Below are highlights of what he has said in his speech plus announcements already made by the Treasury:


“This budget meets the moment with a three-part PLAN to protect the jobs and livelihoods of the British people. First, we will continue doing whatever it takes to support the British people and businesses through this moment of crisis. Second, once we are on the way to recovery, we will need to begin fixing the public finances – and I want to be honest today about our plans to do that. And, third, in today’s Budget we begin the work of building our future economy.”


“The OBR now expect the economy to return to its pre-covid level by the middle of next year – six months earlier than they previously thought.”

“The OBR forecast that our economy will grow this year by 4%, by 7.3% in 2022, then 1.7%, 1.6% and 1.7% in the last three years of the forecast.”


Britain will extend its job-protecting furlough programme – due to cost an estimated 70 billion pounds between its launch last spring and its previously scheduled end date in April – by five more months until the end of September and expand support for the self-employed too.

“For employees, there will be no change to the terms – they will continue to receive 80% of their salary, for hours not worked, until the scheme ends. As businesses reopen, we’ll ask them to contribute alongside the taxpayer to the cost of paying their employees. Nothing will change until July, when we will ask for a small contribution of just 10% and 20% in August and September,” Sunak said.


“Next year, as we continue our unprecedented response to this crisis, borrowing is forecast to be 234 billion pounds, 10.3% of GDP – an amount so large it has only one rival in recent history; this year.”

“Because of the steps I am taking today, borrowing falls to 4.5% of GDP in 2022-23, 3.5% in 2023-24, then 2.9% and 2.8% in the following two years. And while underlying debt rises from 88.8% of GDP this year to 93.8% next year, it then peaks at 97.1% in 2023-24, before stabilising and falling slightly to 97% and 96.8% in the final two years of the forecast.”


“The second step I’m taking today is that in 2023, the rate of corporation tax, paid on company profits, will increase to 25%.”

“I’m protecting small businesses with profits of 50,000 pounds or less, by creating a Small Profits Rate, maintained at the current rate of 19%. This means around 70% of companies – 1.4 million businesses – will be completely unaffected.”


“Today I can announce the ‘Super Deduction’. For the next two years, when companies invest, they can reduce their tax bill not just by a proportion of the cost of that investment, as they do now or even by 100% of the cost, the so-called full expensing some have called for, with the Super Deduction they can now reduce their tax bill by 130% of the cost.”

“This will be the biggest business tax cut in modern British history.”


“I will also maintain, at their current levels, until April 2026: The inheritance tax thresholds, the pensions lifetime allowance, the annual exempt amount in capital gains tax and, for two years from April 2022, the VAT registration threshold.”


Sunak announced 5 billion pounds ($7 billion) of additional grants to help businesses hit hard by pandemic lockdowns. Shops, bars, clubs, hotels, restaurants, gyms and hair salons will be among nearly 700,000 companies eligible for new direct cash grants of up 18,000 pounds.

“One of the hardest hit sectors has been hospitality and tourism: 150,000 businesses that employ over 2.4 million people need our support. To protect those jobs, I can confirm that the 5% reduced rate of VAT will be extended for six months to 30th September.”


“We’ll continue with the 100% business rates holiday for the first three months of the year, in other words, through to the end of June. For the remaining nine months of the year, business rates will still be discounted by two thirds, up to a value of 2 million pounds for closed businesses, with a lower cap for those who have been able to stay open.”


“I can announce today the 500,000 pound nil rate band will not end on 31st of March, it will end on the 30th of June. Then, to smooth the transition back to normal, the nil rate band will be 250,000 pounds, double its standard level, until the end of September – and we will only return to the usual level of 125,000 pounds from October 1st.”


“Lenders who provide mortgages to home buyers who can only afford a 5% deposit, will benefit from a government guarantee on those mortgages.”


Sunak is expected to announce an initial 12 billion pounds of capital and 10 billion pounds of guarantees for a new UK Infrastructure Bank, due to launch in the spring.


Plans for Britain to launch the world’s first sovereign green bonds for retail investors will be unveiled, as part of the country’s push to create a net-zero-carbon economy by 2050.


Britain will modernise its listing rules to attract more high-growth and “blank cheque” SPAC company flotations to London, Sunak will say.


“We’re making available 700 million pounds to support our incredible arts, culture and sporting institutions as they reopen; Backing the UK and Ireland’s joint 2030 World Cup bid, launching a new approach to apprenticeships in the creative industries, and extending our 500 million pounds film and TV production restart scheme.”


A UK-wide 150 million-pound pot will be announced to help communities take over their struggling local pubs or sports clubs. Community groups will be able to bid for up to 250,000 pounds matched-funding to help them to buy local assets.

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